Child Protection Officer Jobs, Consultancy Jobs 2020, UNICEF Jobs
Job no: 530696
Work type: Consultancy
Categories: Child Protection
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TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR CONSULTANT
|Purpose of Assignment||Child Protection Officer – Justice for children and Child Online Protection|
|Location of Assignment||Nairobi (with some travel outside Nairobi for facilitation/coordination of workshops and program implementation)|
|Duration of contract||11.5 months|
|Start date||From: 1 April 2020||To: 15 March 2021|
|Reporting to:||Chief, Child Protection|
The fundamental mission of UNICEF is to promote the rights of every child, everywhere, in everything the organization does — in programs, in advocacy and in operations. UNICEF Kenya Country Office 2018-2022 Country Programme under Outcome 3 aims to ensure that “by 2022, Children and adolescents are increasingly protected from exposure to HIV and AIDS, violence, abuse, exploitation, harmful cultural practices, and benefit from increased access to prevention, care, treatment, support, justice and other services needed to ensure their physical, mental and social wellbeing” . More specifically, UNICEF has under this current Country Programme document committed to strengthen the capacity of the social service and justice workforce and to ensure that there are procedures and services for children in contact with law that are applied and delivered in line with international norms. Alongside access to justice, prevention and response to violence against children in all forms and in all settings are regional and global organizational priorities. Based on a stock take of 2018 SMQ data, justice for children was flagged as the most constrained within Goal Area 3 of the UNICEF Strategic Plan. Protection of children against violence and exploitation on-line is an emerging threat and part of UNICEF’s efforts to prevent and respond to violence against children.
Context and justification
A critical part of ensuring the rights of children is ensuring they are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect, and exploitation in both development and emergency contexts. For children’s rights and protection to be achieved around the world, access to justice and its enforcement should be at the core in guaranteeing the rights and effective protection. An effective and reliable legal system which is able to provide children the means to obtain a quick, effective and fair response to protect their rights; the means to prevent and solve disputes; mechanisms to control the abuse of power; and all of this must be available through a transparent, efficient, accountable and affordable process. According to a 2012 Situational Analysis of Children in the Justice System in Kenya, it was identified that diversion in the current justice system, is not systematic and duty-bearers vary in their understanding and approach.
Though the Constitution, 2010 and the Children Act 2001, makes provision for children in conflict with the law (child offenders), the Kenyan legal framework however is silent on the extent of applicability of diversion. Studies have shown that of the children in the holding institutions only 4% of the children are actually in conflict with the law. This anomaly is largely exacerbated by the lack of policies, regulations and guidelines on diversion measures. The Children Act does not recognize the possibility of a formal referral of children away from criminal justice process before trial. However, the Criminal Procedural Code provides the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (ODPP) with wide powers of discretion over any criminal charges against any person: children or adult at any stage of the criminal trial process. This could be interpreted to provide some room for the prosecution to conduct pretrial diversion of children accused of crimes. Child-offenders ought not have to have a criminal record and must be treated in a way that considers their reintegration and future role into the society. Labelling the child as a criminal stigmatizes them, fostering low self-esteem which eventually leads to antisocial behavior.
However, with the inclusion of diversion in the Children’s Bill, there is room for the key institutions and individuals to ensure that justice for children prevails. Children who are apprehended for being in conflict with the law are kept in remand for long periods which is not ideal. There is also no consistent application of the rules governing the taking of statements from child offenders as provided in the Child Offender Rules in the Fifth Schedule of the Children Act. The UN guidelines for a child-friendly justice system require that national child justice systems accord children involved in both judicial and non-judicial proceedings protection from harm and in particular secondary victimization.
The rapid expansion of affordable, accessible internet through mobile technologies in low- and middle-income countries, means that children are spending more time online and start using ICTs at a younger age than before. In Kenya the internet penetration grew from 0.7 in 2000 to 89.4 per cent in 2017. A UNICEF Kenya study undertaken in 2013 showed that already at that time 67% of Kenyan children accessed internet at least once a day.
Despite their profound benefits, ICTs also pose significant challenges to children’s safety. Children are particularly vulnerable in the face of online risks as their capacities are still evolving, including in relation to identifying, assessing and managing potential risks. Though technology has greatly enriched the lives of a huge proportion of the global population, its rapid expansion is leading to a terrifying growth in Online Child Sexual Exploitation (OCSE) globally.
OCSE refers to crimes committed by offenders who are using ICT and/or the Internet to facilitate the sexual abuse of children. Offenders are actively using the internet to access an infinite number of potential victims, access tools and advise as well as interact with like-minded people, thus permitting the threat to evolve and escalate. OCSE crimes include accessing, possessing, producing and/or distributing child sexual abuse materials (CSAM, also referred to as child pornography); grooming of children for sexual purposes; sexting; sextortion and live online child sexual abuse (or live streaming of child sexual abuse). Dissemination of CSAM material is taking place in Kenya, and the first arrests have already been made. Reports of OCSE have risen significantly, commensurate with global trends of increasing internet use, the uptake of social networking, and the increasing presence of mobile internet-enabled devices. Currently there is no data available on the prevalence of child online sexual abuse in Kenya, but the Department of Children’s Services, Directorate of Criminal Investigations, Child Line Kenya and other partners are reporting anecdotal information of children who have been subjected to grooming on line which has led to sexual exploitation as well as incidents of live streaming.
As part of broader efforts to address Violence against Children, the Government of Kenya (GoK) is committed to prevent and respond to online child exploitation and abuse. UNICEF is supporting the Government of Kenya and its partners to enhance their capacity to address the issues mentioned above.
Scope of work
Given the importance of strengthening the child protection system and offer efficient protection of children from all forms of abuse, violence and exploitation especially in the online space and given the importance of promoting access to justice for children, UNICEF Kenya is looking for a consultant to support its work in these areas.
The primary purpose of the position is to provide technical support and guidance for child online protection and justice for children components of the child protection outcome under the 2018-2022 Country Program and UNDAF framework. Under the supervision of the Chief, Child Protection and working in close collaboration with other relevant programme sections staff, the Child Protection Officer-Justice for children and child online protection will provide technical assistance in enhancing country level capacity to ensure protection of children from all forms of abuse and exploitation including online abuse and protection of children within the juvenile justice system. The post will also support in streamlining the coordination mechanisms within government and the child protection partners.
Activities and Tasks
Specifically, the Child Protection Officer will carry our functions and tasks in the following areas:
- Provide technical support to UNICEF CP partners in the areas of access to justice and violence against children, specifically child online protection and in particular advising on the development of national longer-term policies, plans and strategies.
- Technical lead in the review of policies and legal documents relating to child protection and in particular access to justice and online protection of children and provide technical advice as needed.
- Technical lead in programme development, implementation of, monitoring and reporting on, UNICEF Child Protection interventions on access to justice and online protection of children in select counties with a focus on UNICEF Country Programme priorities for children and in line with programme documents.
- Contribute to resource mobilization for child online and justice for children thematic areas through development of funding proposals, overseeing grant utilization and preparing donor reports.
- Participate in monitoring and evaluation exercises, programme reviews and annual sectoral reviews with government and other counterparts to assess child online protection and justice for children programmes/projects, and to report on required action/interventions at the higher level of programme management.
- Provide guidance to the section on legal reform processes and provide technical assistance on survivor/child-friendly justice, forensics and online violence/cybercrime affecting children.
- Support and facilitate the field work in Kenya related to the global Disrupting Harm study (led by UNICEF Innocenti, ECPAT, Interpol).
- Document good practices in relation to Child online protection.
- Support service provision to children in conflict with the law through supporting service weeks and legal aid for children.
- Support capacity building for judges, prosecutors, law enforcement officials, social workers on access to justice for children and child online protection for successful investigation and prosecution of child online offences.
- Contribute to strengthening of partnerships, stakeholder capacity building and coordination of Child Online Protection and Justice for children.
- Liaise with UNICEF CP colleagues to ensure integration of child online protection within the wider VAC agenda, justice for children and social welfare workforce strengthening initiatives.
Key Outputs and Deliverables
- Monthly report outlining activities and progress made against workplan focusing on justice for children and child online protection
- End of assignment report outlining key results achieved against outlined activities and tasks submitted to UNICEF two weeks to the end of consultancy
|Deliverables||Duration (days)||Timeline/Deadline||Payment %|
|Work plan developed and approved by Chief, CP||10 days||13 April|
|Monthly progress report on progress against workplan||31.5 days||End of month (April, May, June, July, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec, Jan, Feb) ,||20%|
|End Violence Against Children (EVAC) progress and annual donor report on grant utilization and implementation of activities is finalized and submitted to the donor||30 days||Sep-2020/March 2021||15%|
|Technical and logistical assistance provided for the process of developing a comprehensive justice for children strategy and diversion framework demonstrated by finalized documents and consultation meetings held||80 days||December 2020||15%|
|Behavioural Change Communication materials including TV spots and educational videos developed in collaboration with C4D for engagement with the media for the awareness and sensitization of children, parents and communities on child online protection||40 days||April/June/July||10%|
|2 Child protection good practice documented and published in global CP news letter or as news stories||10 days||March 2021||5%|
|Coordination meetings with ECPAT International, Interpol and UNICEF Innocenti on the Global disrupting harm study on online protection in Kenya undertaken||30 days||April 2020-Feb 2021||10%|
|End of assignment report outlining key results achieved against outlined activities and tasks submitted to UNICEF two weeks to the end of consultancy.||10 days||March 2021||25%|
The consultant will be present at the office every working day. He/she will participate in monitoring missions with the staff. He/she will be provided for transport and DSA for missions.
General Conditions: Procedures, Logistics, and Ethics
- It is an office-based assignment. The consultant will be provided an office space in UNICEF Kenya Country Office
- The consultant is bound by all UNICEF rules and ethics regulations in the conduction of their work
- The consultant is held by strict confidentiality rules regarding all aspect of their work with UNICEF
Required qualifications, desired competencies, technical background and experience
The consultant should have:
A University Degree in Law, human rights, international law or other social science field with specialization relevant to the child protection sector is required.
- Experience in planning, designing and implementing Child Protection programmes in particular in the areas of justice for children and violence against children, preferably in prevention and response to online violence and exploitation of children in an international organization or in a national context.
- Familiarity with operationalizing international normative frameworks for justice for children and child online protection in national contexts.
- Familiarity with the Kenyan legal and child protection systems.
- Previous experience in project/grant management and resource mobilization in an international or civil society organization is an asset.
- Demonstrated experience in work entailing multi-stakeholder engagement and management.
- Strong analytical skills, especially in relation to laws and policies;
- Strong communication and drafting skills;
Years of experience:
At least 2 years of relevant experience
Drive for results, working with people, analytical skills, technical knowledge in subject area
Fluency in English and Kiswahili
This is a 11.5 months consultancy based in Nairobi and open to Kenyan nationals only.
As per UNICEF DFAM policy, payment is made against approved deliverables. No advance payment is allowed unless in exceptional circumstances against bank guarantee, subject to a maximum of 30 per cent of the total contract value in cases where advance purchases, for example for supplies or travel, may be necessary.
How To Apply
Apply for Child Protection Officer Job UNICEF here
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